Convergence of science and technology ; A new stage of development

Latest nanotechnology revolution gives the science and technology of the 21st century, new features, returns to perception of the world as a whole, gives the subject the opportunity to specifically operate in nature, using the same “technological solutions”, by nature itself.

At the end of the 20th century, civilisational crisis moved into a new-system-phase, today it covers essentially all the main spheres of public life, manifesting itself as environmental, resource, economic, socio-political, financial, etc. are increasingly suggests that the crisis could not be resolved within the framework of the fundamental principles of our civilisation in the old paradigm of development based on active involvement of man to nature. Is it possible to overcome this crisis, further development of humankind and its survival ultimately?

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We have created such an advanced civilization through science, learning the laws of the world around us, transforming it with the increasingly complex and sophisticated technology. Over the centuries, mankind has increased through scientific and technological progress, labour productivity and volume of products without worrying about the price of this growth. The paradigm of our civilization from its beginnings until today was to take from nature a maximum “at any cost”. As a result of a resource destruction but also destroys the natural environment technosphere, widening the gap between the life of nature and human activities. Mankind, in fact, created for themselves for thousands of parallel environment, more secure, a comfortable, controlled-techno sphere that exists within the biosphere, on its basis, resources, copying in the mechanisms and technologies, many of the principles of wildlife. At the same time, people using technosphere did them in many natural processes and phenomena, disrupting their natural course.

As a result, in the 20th century the development of technosphere has led humanity to the depletion of resources (energy, water, minerals, forests, cultivated areas, etc.), the rapid deterioration of the environment, led to the point where the influence of technosphere on the world around us will be unmanaged processes impact on nature (Biosphere) irreversible, that is a threat to all mankind.

These problems worried many scientists, naturalists, philosophers, and historians of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A significant contribution to the study of the impact of human activity on nature, global processes on our planet, introduced by Vernadsky, as the creation of the doctrine of the noosphere. Through all the scientific, philosophical creativity Vernadsky is the idea that natural phenomena cannot be divided into independent parts, one must consider the nature and man in it as a unit.

Originally the whole world around us is United and harmonious. Nature, the biosphere there is millions of years as a self-sufficient, self-regulating system with a cycle of energy and matter to Earth. In the evolution of the Earth’s Biosphere Vernadsky identified two fundamentally different phases: the first one is a natural development that took place prior to the emergence of Homo sapiens, and the second after his appearance, i.e. development of the person as an organic element of the biosphere. Human impact on the evolution of the biosphere, for most of history, there has been a significant increase in the occurrence and development of industrial society, and has become crucial in the last 50-100 years. In this regard, the V.i. Vernadsky introduced the concept of noosphere as a sphere, where reasonable human activity becomes a determining factor in development. He pointed out that the Biosphere has moved, or rather, moving into a new evolutionary State in the noosphere-processed scientific thought of social man. In the 1930-ies of human intervention in the biosphere are seemed to be the Vernadsky, rather as a benefit. Despite the fact that he foresaw the imminent offensive nuclear and space age, he could not imagine the magnitude of the changes that they have made. In the face of civilization has changed drastically, human impact on the natural world (Biosphere) has gained critical mass and today created mankind technosphere was, in fact, the detonator to his death, entered into an antagonistic contradiction with nature.

As the experience of the second half of the 20th century, it’s an antagonistic contradiction cannot be resolved by means of the transformation of certain components of the existing technological mode. Even in the last decades of the last century, the cross-sectoral technologies nothing fundamentally has not changed in the relationship of the technosphere, and biosphere. Within the framework of the global project such as atomic, space, etc. created new branch of science and production, but at the same time, each of these industries continued to grow in its own logic, independently of the other, and then achieve them integrated, evolved together. In other words, the vector of development, logic remained niche, but the overall result was simply by adding together the various technological solutions. It is clear that the sectoral principle built technosphere objectively cannot coexist harmoniously with the biosphere. A concept, a revolutionary restructuring of the whole technological basis in the seamless connection of his scientific, industrial, socio-political and cultural components. The task of overcoming the systemic crisis of civilization, human survival, becomes the task of forming a new noosphere, where technosphere will be an organic part of the biosphere.

How can this be implemented?

To answer this question, let us remember, as developed in scientific and production activity of the person.

Foundation learning is practice; prerequisites of scientific knowledge grew out of practical needs of mankind, which has been in a constant struggle for survival. “Economic” activities of prehistoric man was Paleolithic hunting and gathering, that man was just a link in the chain of natural ecosystems. Full of dangers unknown and unpredictable world perceived them in obvious mythological images and he appeared as a meditative whole. A quality revolution occurred during the Neolithic revolution, the emergence of productive economy when not consuming items created by nature, and their purposeful transformation (domestication of plants and animals) becomes a way of being human in the world. A man stands in relation to nature as active, with its own objectives, independent, active and creative power of … become proactive, effective pole in the relationship man-the world of … consciously forming their cultural and historical Habitat.

One of the most complex scientific knowledge objects-the human brain. It is subject to a wide range of interdisciplinary research. The patterns of the brain study, psychologists, linguists, sociologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists (based on the behavioral, speech and other reactions, conditional and unconditional reflexes), representatives of the cognitive sciences, etc. But today, and in this complex area made a crucial breakthrough. So, with the help of nuclear medical techniques (positron emission tomography, nuclear magnetic resonance, encephalography) we had the opportunity to examine brain activity at the molecular level. And there are prospects of identifying complex relations of “brain-genes” and hence, identification of genetic information that determine human behavior. This is a very complex subject. Try to sort them out, explain-the joint task of cognitive, neurophysiological, genomic laboratories Kurchatov NBIKS Center and Supercomputing unit. Perhaps, over time, through the convergence of nano-and biotechnologies will we get new materials and create information chips that help correct human behavior, especially in emergency situations, including in future space missions. Thus, cognitive science, combining the methods of the natural sciences and Humanities, strategically aimed at making humanitarian knowledge in humanities technology.

The future of humanity is in the hands of the man himself, “Homo sapiens”, armed with a gun scientific knowledge management world. Because, as you know, “knowledge is an inherent component of any human way of peace-can be implemented practically in all products of the material and spiritual activities of the people. That science should become a major driving force to overcome the systemic crisis of civilization, to the survival of mankind, the new stage in the development of civilization.

Today, humanity is at the point of bifurcation. We have come to the realization that should become a part of nature, to live at the expense of innovative resources and technologies created by the painter of wildlife. And this is only possible with the use of the most advanced technological developments. The preservation of our civilization, its future is connected with the emergence and development of convergent NBIKS-technology. They will help create a harmonious noosphere, in which three of its components-biosphere, technosphere and daunting public relations system will not interfere, but complement each other, closely interact, i.e. are convergent.