A Trip Through Ornamental Plants !!

What are Ornamental Plants ?
Fashion and new save anyone, not even the plants. Some of them, after a preparation that is counted in years, are found on the front of the stage before be quickly replaced by a novelty bringing a PLUS in its colour, its form or its development finally forgotten.Useful information and calendar of gardening: desired exposure and soil type, planting periods, flowering, harvest.

Aloe vera
Aloe is a succulent plant of the family of the Asphodelacees, which adapts very well to arid environments devoid of water. Aloe presents itself in the form of a rosette of leaves very thick, soft and fleshy. Leaves can also be jagged depending on the species. The Aloe, tiny flower, is located at the end of very large flower stalks of close to one metre.

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Different varieties of Aloe
The Aloe plant has more than 400 species, of which the most famous is Aloe (best known under the name of Aloe vera) native to Africa and Madagascar. There are other species such as tree Aloe, Aloe creeping or Stemless Aloe. Aloe flowers vary depending on the species, they can be red, orange or yellow. Some varieties can even combine three colors according to the time of flowering.

Culture, flowering and maintenance of Aloe
The Aloe grows freely in the savannahs or desert. The plant can be either planted outside (it supports temperatures up to + 40 ° C), or in pots indoors. Aloe Vera needs a land rich and porous, as well as a very strong sunlight. For some species, it is advisable to go back in the winter, because they support bad periods of frost. Aloe requires little maintenance, only one watering per week. Its flowers appear in late winter or early spring. Cuttings of Aloe to get new feet to replant.

Uses of Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is grown for its juice that serves as a laxative, as well as for its gel, that allows to treat pain, skin conditions and accelerate the healing of burned skin. In cosmetics, aloe vera has a reputation to combat aging and stimulate the production of collagen. Aloe culture finds therapeutic and culinary applications, but the plant is also used in the textile industry in the Morocco. In Asian countries, the flesh contained in Aloe vera leaves, rich in minerals and vitamins, is consumed as dessert, served in the form of small cubes. It presents a great resemblance with the flesh of the grape.

Type: Ornamental plant
Height: 10 cm to 3 m
Colours: red, yellow, Orange
Desired exposure: sunny
Soil type: Normal, sandy
Plantation period: March, April, may, June, July, August, September, October
Flowering period: March, April, may
Sanitizer: NIL

Anthurium

Characteristics of the anthurium
The anthurium is an epiphyte plant of the Araceae family. It is native to South America, Colombia, Argentina, the Mexico, the Panama and the Ecuador mainly. There are five hundred different varieties. Anthurium presents some major varieties which may exceed a meter in height, but most specimens sold by florists maximum reach 60 to 70 centimeters as anthurium andreanum and white anthurium.

Planting of the anthurium
Anthurium cultivation requires substantial brightness, but care must be taken not to expose the plants directly in the Sun. This precaution prevents the rapid drying of the Earth and leaves. On the other hand, the anthurium likes moisture without excess and appreciate clay beads to be put between the pot and saucer.

Diseases of anthurium
This plant, although bearing a certain rusticity, remains sensitive to bacterial disease affecting all species of Aroid family, including Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. diffenbachiae. Bacterial blight of anthurium is recognizable to oily stains that appear along the veins, or on the leaves. Yellowing eventually evolve into necrosis. When a stem is infected, can be seen in her Cup a yellowish exudate due to bacteria. There is no convincing treatment. The only solution to avoid the transmission of this blight other anthuriums is to eliminate the ill subject and disinfect tools, pots and other accessories cutting and maintenance of plants.

Maintenance and watering of the anthurium
Anthurium enjoys a moderate humidity rate. It is advisable not to leave dry land but to keep medium damp. However, do not keep standing water at the foot of the plant. It will take care to restrict watering in the winter but to spray the anthurium if the air is too dry, when the parts are overheated. Anthurium does not care if the administration of a fluid fertilizer one to two times per month in flowering period. The temperature of an apartment, between 18 ° C and 25 ° C, suits him very well. When the flowers are faded, simply cut stem yellowed 2 inches from the strain and enjoy to remove the faded leaves.

Uncontrolled of the anthurium
Apart from its aesthetic appearance, the anthurium is very popular for her role as uncontrolled. Its peculiarity lies in ammonia absorption capacity. So, it is ideal in the kitchen or bathroom. But it can also find its place in a bright room.

Toxicity of the anthurium
This plant sculptural flower hides a characteristic that it is better to know: the anthurium is toxic. It is held out of reach of children and pets.

Type: Ornamental plant
Height: 30 cm to 1 m
Colours: red, white, pink, green, blue, reddish yellow
Desired exposure: bathing
Soil type: Normal
Plantation period: March, April, may
Flowering period: January, February, November, December
Foliage: persistent
Maintenance: Need for important light, frequent watering
Location: Kitchen, bathroom
Sanitizer: Yes

Bamboo

Characteristics of bamboo
Attached to the Poaceae family (formerly family Gramineae), bamboo is a monocot which form the subfamily of the Bambusoideae, which lists more than 1,300 different species. Listed among the best-known plants around the world, bamboo consists of one stem formed at its base by rhizomes (underground party) and on the surface by a thatch, more commonly known as “cane” or “main stem”. The multitude of species that presents bamboo allowed him to grow around the world, although very few in Europe. However, there are a few varieties of domestic bamboo. If the majority species adapt to tropical environments, others are able to adapt to more temperate climates. Today, the bamboo found in our societies for many uses. Besides being a very popular outdoor plant, it is also used for the manufacture of different furniture, flooring or musical instruments. Its trunk, renowned for its strength and light weight, makes it an indispensable ally of construction, to be part of the scaffolding of skyscrapers. Some varieties are excellent sound and wind breaks. If one already knows a lot about bamboo, it contains still a few secrets with his simultaneous flowering.

Bamboo plantation
The best two periods of planting of bamboo are spring and autumn. Do not plant a bamboo in the winter because frosts can be fatal. Similarly, the summer is not a good season for the planting of bamboo because of the excessive heat. Although bamboo is like in any type of soil, its implementation in acid soil is a plus. Alternatively, plant it in a container or pot.

Bamboo spray
Bamboo watering must be rich at the time of planting. It is necessary to provide at least 5 litres daily to a bamboo pot during the summer.

Size and maintenance of bamboo
The size makes annually, hedge trimmer or shears, as soon as the leaves make their appearance at the end of the branches, usually at the beginning of the summer. Dwarf bamboo does its size, it reaps in March.

Characteristic of the bamboo
Some bamboos are colonizers. This is the case of creeping bamboos. It is imperative to ask an anti-rhizome barrier or a polypropylene film at the bottom of the planting hole to retain the roots and thus prevent a spread very quickly out of control.

Diseases of bamboo
Bamboo is susceptible to any disease. On the other hand, it is essential to monitor the presence of pests namely spider mite and aphid.

Type: Ornamental plant
Height: 1 m-10 m
Colours: Green
Name of the fruit: Caryopsis
Desired exposure: sunny
Type of soil: well-drained, acid
Plantation period: March, April, may, September, October, November
Foliage: persistent
Sanitizer: NIL

Cactus

Characteristics and origin of cactus
The cactus or Cactus are herbaceous plants of the cactaceae family. This is Christophe Colomb which brought the first specimens of America. One must distinguish the cactus plants as succulent as the euphorbias that look them great, but differ in their flowers and fruit. There are 2,500 species of cactus that vary depending on their shape and size. The cactus can be round, pointed or cylindrical, with paddle-shaped leaves. The different species vary between 0.5 cm and 19 m high.

Culture of cactus
You will necessarily fall under the spell of this easygoing ornamental plant. The cactus plant pot at any time of the year. Only regions in the South of the France allowed him to flourish in the ground. The Interior plant cactus needs of heat and Sun, even if she prefers a cool room to spend the winter. When sunny days return, gradually acclimate your cactus to warmer temperatures. Important heat shock and too brutal exposure to the Sun’s rays may be fatal.

Maintenance of the cactus
Water around the foot avoiding leaves once a week in summer and only if the soil is dry. Cacti potting is required every 3 to 4 years, always at the beginning of spring.

Uses of cactus
The cactus are essentially used to adorn the gardens. In areas suffering from drought, the outdoor cactus plant to decorate the edge of a House requiring fear of watering. One of the most widespread species in hot countries as the Australia is Echinocactus grusonii. Certain varieties of particularly spiky cacti to close land for breeding to avoid the fugue of the animals. The wood of some large cacti serves construction material while the needles of some species are used for knitting. Other varieties are still used as fuel. Cacti have finally a food interest. Worn by the prickly pear and the hylocereus fruit are edible while the cereus contain water.

Type: Ornamental plant
Height: 1 cm to 20 m
Colors of the flowers: white
Desired exposure: sunny
Type of soil: well drained
Plantation period: January, February, March, April, may, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Flowering period: March, April, may
Maintenance: Need for important light, moderate watering
Location: Office, stay, kitchen
Sanitizer: Yes

Capillary

Characteristics of capillaries
Capillaries are ferns that may belong to the genus Adiantum, either the genus Asplenium (referred to as an false hair). The genus Adiantum includes in particular the capillary of Montpellier, also known as capillary hair of Venus, popular in greenhouses and homes. It is a green perennial plant whose pending fronds consist of many leaflets. Seen often shoot out at the hollow of shady rocks. The capillary has medicinal properties: it is sometimes used to treat respiratory problems.

Planting of the capillaries
The delicate foliage of the capillary hair of Venus makes it a perfect ornamental plant for interiors. Therefore the plant pot, flower box or tray. The capillary coming from tropical regions, he prefers a humid and warm environment (20 ° C), protected from droughts.

Maintenance of the capillaries
It must be ensured that the land of the capillary is never dried out. Repot in the spring in a land rich in humus and bring a specific fertilizer for green plants when your hair is in period of growth, i.e. at the beginning of spring. You can at this time remove dead fronds, just as other shoots arrive. In winter, we must protect it humidity that promotes rust.

Uses of hair green plants
The Montpellier capillary is used in herbal medicine to relieve the congestion of the respiratory tract. It allows to prepare the syrup by capillary expectorant properties.

Enemies of the capillaries
Rust is the main disease affecting the ferns in case of high humidity during the winter season. The fight, to cut the damaged leaves recognizable in red and yellow spots on their surface and little buttons colored on their underside. Then brush the soles of slurry of nettles or treatment with antifungal properties. The other enemy of the capillary is cochineal which can be removed by cleaning the leaves infested with a cloth impregnated with alcohol at 90 ° C before applying a specialized treatment or the nettles slurry.

Type: Ornamental plant
Height: 15 cm to 80 cm
Desired exposure: bathing
Soil type: Normal, well drained
Plantation period: March, April, may, September, October, November
Maintenance: Easy maintenance, low need for light
Location: Living room, bedroom, bathroom, entrance
Sanitizer: Yes

Dahlia
Decorative plant, dahlia (dahlia hybrid) offers beautiful flowers of varied color. It was initially grown for its edible roots by Mexicans who cooks his roots in water before consuming. Moreover, its taste resembles that of artichoke. Today, it is also used as an ornamental plant.

Planting and cultivation of the dahlia
The dahlia is easily grown in all regions provided that it is exposed to the Sun and watered regularly. It is planted late April and early may at a depth ranging from three to ten centimeters depending on the size of the bulb, in soil clayey, healthy and smoked up. Need space each bulb about one metre for large varieties, and fifty centimeters if it comes to dwarf dahlia. The use of a tutor is strongly recommended in order to support the plant in case of strong wind.

Varieties of dahlias
Typically found dahlias of larger sizes in the massifs, the averages in vegetable gardens, and the small varieties in pots or planters. This pretty plant offers a wide range of species, of which the best known are: dahlia cactus that measure between 70 and 150 centimeters and which offers a wide range of color, the dahlia Pompon which is large size also, dahlia lace with its abundant flowers, decorative medium-sized dahlia, and finally the dahlia Topmix and dwarf dahlia which are suitable for cultivation in pots and planters.

Maintenance of the dahlia
Do not water until the first leaves of the dahlia appear to not drown the tubers. Then, regular watering, especially during the summer period, will be ideal, up to three times per day in case of very dry weather. A trick is to create a basin at the foot of the plant to promote the uptake of water. Prevention of winter, need to snatch the tubers, cut the stems to a 15 cm of the strain, or so use a mulching and add either manure or fertilizer liquid. We recommend that you divide strains every three years, at the end of April before replanting. This allows to get more dahlias in bloom, and gives strength to the plant.

Have larger flowers to cut off side stems as well as the first buds in the spring. In summer, the faded flowers should be deleted if you wish to prolong flowering. To make a bunch and put them in a vase, it is best to pick them in the morning or in the evening, and the buttons should be exploded. Your floral arrangement will last longer by adding the sugar in the water of the vase and cutting off the tip of the stems daily. Dahlias will shine for about seven to ten days.

Type: Flower and flowering plant
Height: 30 cm to 60 cm
Colours: red, white, pink, yellow, Orange, purple, purple
Desired exposure: sunny
Type of soil: rich in humus, costs
Plantation period: April
Flowering period: June, July, August, September
Foliage: deciduous
Maintenance: Frequent watering
Location: Office, living room, entrance, dining room, living room
Sanitizer: NIL
Diseases: Botrytis, grey rot